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The Differences Between Broad Spectrum, Full Spectrum, & CBD Isolate Oils

by | Jun 23, 2020 | Blog Posts | 0 comments

Are you finding it difficult to nail down the right CBD (cannabidiol) oil for your needs? Broad-spectrum, full-spectrum, isolate – there are a lot of choices out on the market but which one is right for you?

Before we lay out the differences between these product types. Let’s first start with what CBD is and why you could benefit from introducing it to your life.

Understanding Cannabinoids and the Role They Play in Our Health

Cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid (plant-sourced cannabinoid) found in industrial hemp plants.

It is one of 113 currently-known cannabinoids and is the second-most active ingredient of the more prominent cannabinoids. You may have heard of the infamous psychoactive phytocannabinoid known as THC; this is closely related to CBD as they come from the same source. However, THC is extracted from most CBD-forward products before packaging.

The potential health benefits associated with cannabidiol are being studied by experts in a variety of fields. The FDA doesn’t currently approve of medical-endorsements when regarding CBD products, so we cannot make any claims to the health benefits of CBD. We do encourage you to look at reviews from happy customers to see how CBD has affected their lives.

Cannabinoids work with our endocannabinoid system (ECS) which is in charge of a myriad of cell receptors and neurotransmitters that connect all throughout our bodies. Our bodies actually make their own cannabinoids, but at a smaller scale. These are called endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids).

Hemp (and its cousin marijuana) are the only plants in the plantae kingdom that also produce cannabinoids. Because these cannabinoids originate from plants these are actually called phytocannabinoids.

As we continue to study the endocannabinoid system, the more we are learning about the effects CBD potentially has on it. Essentially, ECS is the regulator of our body’s homeostasis; CBD could be the amplifier.

Our bodies (all mammals, actually) have an endocannabinoid system that is uniquely designed as receptors for these compounds. This was only discovered about 30 years ago!

Our endocannabinoid system regulates a wide range of biological functions, including sleep, mood, temperature control, immune response, pain and pleasure perception, fertility, memory, and appetite.

Whenever something wrong happens to your health, your endocannabinoid system will release its own natural cannabinoids to restore the balance. Or try to. Sometimes it needs help.

How CBD Amplifies the Endocannabinoid System

When CBD is ingested, it stimulates our endocannabinoid system to produce our body’s natural cannabinoids. (But wait, there’s more!) The CBD also slows their subsequent breakdown by inhibiting the FAAH (fatty acid amide hydrolase) enzyme, so the endocannabinoids can stay active in your system longer.

By itself, once absorbed, CBD carries its own natural effects, just as other cannabinoids have their own effects (THC, CBG, CBT). But, if combined, the cannabinoids create what’s known as the “entourage effect”.

The entourage effect is considered to be a magnifier of the therapeutic effects that take place once the cannabinoid compounds work in concert with one another. However, not all CBD products deliver the entourage effect.

Only the best CBD products use the full chemical compound profile of the hemp plants. Those that don’t include things like terpenes or essential oils won’t deliver the full effectiveness of CBD.

What is Broad-Spectrum CBD?

Broad-spectrum CBD oil is only one of two types of CBD products that induces the entourage effect. Instead of isolating the CBD cannabinoid during the extraction process, almost all of the cannabinoids are included in the end product to increase the therapeutic effectiveness.

Broad-spectrum CBD oil also has 0.0% of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). This means that the traces of THC are next to none. Many customers look to broad-spectrum CBD oil as a means of avoiding THC and increasing the effectiveness of CBD’s benefits.

Simply put, broad-spectrum CBD contains the full spectrum of natural cannabinoids found in the plant, excluding THC. There is no risk of getting high from broad-spectrum CBD oil.

What is Full-Spectrum CBD?

The term full-spectrum refers to an extract that includes all cannabinoid compounds found in hemp plants with a mild trace of THC – less than 0.3%. Full-spectrum is most commonly used for creating the phenomenon known as the entourage effect.

Full-spectrum cannabidiol oil will contain all cannabinoids to magnify the effect of homeostasis, but with small traces of THC.

You could potentially test positive for the psychoactive drug THC if you are submitted to a drug test. That’s why so many consumers like broad-spectrum instead. There is no risk of getting high from full-spectrum CBD oil.

What is CBD Isolate?

Quite literally, CBD isolate is the product of excluding all other cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils while isolating the cannabinoid, cannabidiol (CBD). It is the purest form of cannabidiol, claiming to be 99% pure in most CBD isolate products.

During the CBD extraction process, all other cannabinoids are removed, giving you pure CBD oil. No other ingredients are typically used unless for flavoring purposes. Isolate is also usually made with the lowest grade biomass or biomass that may have molded (gross!) since there is no need to retain anything else in the extraction process.

CBD isolate will typically be found in infused products such as edibles (gummies) or drinks.

However, you won’t experience the entourage effect as it only contains CBD, making it inferior to the use of broad or full-spectrum oils. There is no risk of getting high from CBD isolate.

Which CBD Oil is Better?

Well, that choice is up to you, but let’s outweigh the pros and cons of the current choices on the market.

Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil

  • The consumer experiences the full benefits of the entourage effect

  • Undetectable traces of THC found

  • Allows the consumer to absorb CBD and experience the therapeutic benefits from most cannabinoids

  • Less processing for extract than isolate

  • Great for first-time CBD users
  • Not as popularly sold as full spectrum or isolate making it difficult to find

  • May contain a strong hemp flavor

  • The consumer may not experience all of the potential effects due to almost no THC amounts

Average Price per Milligram: $0.068

Peace River’s Price per Milligram: $0.029

Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

  • The consumer experiences all benefits of the entourage effect

  • Includes other natural substances found in hemp plants

  • Allows the consumer to absorb CBD and experience the therapeutic benefits from all cannabinoids

  • Less processing for extract than isolate
  • Contains small traces of THC

  • May lead to testing positive for THC during a drug test

  • May contain a strong hemp flavor and smell

  • More expensive than broad-spectrum or isolate

Average Price per Milligram: $0.149

CBD Isolate

  • Contains 99% of CBD

  • Purest form of extracted CBD to obtain

  • No risk of THC

  • Can pass drug tests

  • No fear of experiencing effects from other cannabinoids
  • Consumers won’t experience the benefits of the entourage effect

  • Highly processed to extract only CBD

Average Price per Milligram: $0.087

Why Does Peace River Sell Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil?

Broad-spectrum CBD oil is a bit of a mix between full-spectrum and CBD isolate. Users can experience the full range of benefits of the entourage effect and not consume detectable amounts of THC.

Will drug tests result positive for THC from broad-spectrum CBD oil? We can’t officially say. Really, this will depend on the drug test and the legal restrictions per state/province/etc.

At Peace River CBD, we want everyone to be able to experience the full benefits of CBD and the cannabinoids that provide the ever-sought-after homeostasis. Including even small traces of THC might scare some consumers as they want to have security in their jobs and lives.

With our products, such as our signature 1000mg tincture or liposomal formula, we want everyone to feel comfortable when purchasing CBD.

If you’re curious to find out more about our line of broad-spectrum products, visit our shop!

Keep on the lookout for more articles coming to our Peaceful Wellness blog to learn more about CBD, its benefits, and the newfound research on this natural product of hemp plants.