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What is Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil? How Does it Work?

by | Apr 30, 2020 | Blog Posts | 0 comments

Something that many people talk about, ponder, and debate in a world full of man-made medications and placebos. This substance is taking the world by storm, but with good reason.

You might have heard of the word ‘cannabidiol’ from publications, in the news, or through other mediums. This word is the technical term for something that you’re probably more familiar with, CBD.

In this article, we’ll be getting a bit scientific with some of our terminology, however, we’ll explain and break down everything in terms that everyone can understand and comprehend.

What is Cannabidiol (CBD)?

It’s not directly marijuana (more on this later).

Cannabidiol is a non-intoxicating chemical compound found in Cannabis sativa L. plants and was discovered in 1940. The acronym for cannabidiol is CBD, which is the hot topic of today. Before we jump directly into CBD and its uses, let’s quickly talk about its origin.

Where Does CBD Come From?

Cannabis sativa L is native to Eastern Asia but today is commonly found growing wild in tropical regions such as Africa and Central America. This is a distinct type of cannabis plant and is often confused with other types of cannabis plants such as Cannabis indica (marijuana) and Cannabis ruderalis (a rarer plant under the cannabis genera).

All plant types fall under the same genus of cannabis, so they are similar, but not exactly the same. However, due to the interbreeding of sativa and indica plants over the years, these two plants are practically indistinguishable from just looking at them. All of these plants fall under the family of flowering plants called Cannabaceae.

Essentially, Cannabis sativa is the main source of the CBD compound. CBD is just one of possibly 113 different phytocannabinoids found in cannabis plants. CBD has a history of traditional medical use dating back many years. CBD is now derived from industrial hemp plants, a type of cannabis plant categorized as containing no more than a 0.3% concentration of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol).

Hemp and marijuana are both from the cannabis sativa family and appear almost identical. Just as oranges and lemons are both citrus plants – they are quite different fruits. Breeding has allowed marijuana to produce more of the THC cannabinoids and minimize the amount of CBD it makes. Hemp is the opposite. Hemp is bred to minimize the production of THC and produce more CBD.

CBD is noted to be closely related to THC, the cannabinoid found to cause that well-known ‘high’. However, these two are unique in their properties. THC is commonly found in recreational marijuana products for the psychoactive effects and other side effects.

Is CBD a Drug?

In recent years, CBD has been researched and studied for possible therapeutic benefits and effects due to the profiles of the phytocannabinoids found in industrial hemp plants.

At a federal level, cannabidiol oil is a Schedule I Controlled Substance in the United States. However, after the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD products with less than 0.3% of dry weight THC are now excluded from the CSA (Controlled Substances Act). The FDA still carries the right to restrict cannabidiol products on the federal level.

Restrictions and regulations on the use of CBD vary in each state. Therapeutic clinical trials seek to better understand the effects and possible benefits CBD may have on human and animal bodies. At this time, there isn’t direct evidence that proves the use of CBD is a viable option to cure or treat diseases, illnesses, pain, anxiety, or other disorders.

However, even with these restrictions, products manufactured with CBD are becoming more popular. One of the most popular products containing CBD is CBD oil.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is extracted from hemp plants with cannabidiol and, sometimes, other ingredients; cannabidiol being the most active ingredient. CBD oil can be used in a multitude of products like sublingual tinctures and softgel capsules.

Each product carries a different potency of CBD, typically ranging anywhere from 15-83 milligrams (mg) per single serving. CBD oil commonly contains multiple ingredients of the hemp plant to work synergistically (such as terpenes ), causing the “entourage effect”. The thought process behind this is that the CBD in combination with other properties of the hemp plant may magnify the therapeutic effect.

The entourage effect is the process of including as many of the cannabinoids found in hemp plants as possible in CBD oil. By working synergistically, these compounds are supposed to increase the benefits of CBD oil.

At a molecular level, CBD may have a higher medicinal impact when including other properties of the hemp plant. However, we cannot make specific claims or state that CBD has any medical benefits from CBD products.

How is CBD Oil Made?

Cannabidiol oil is made by extracting the CBD chemical compound from industrial hemp plants. There are a variety of ways to extract CBD from hemp plants, however, the cleanest extraction method is through modern CO2 extraction.

CO2 (carbon dioxide) extraction is the process of extracting the phytochemicals from hemp plants using pressurized carbon dioxide. CO2 is used to avoid residual solvents (volatile chemicals) found in other extraction technologies that may leave toxic by-products. These solvents include butane, ethanol, propane, isopropyl, and alcohol. Other extraction methods include olive oil and dry ice.

CO2 extraction is also better at preserving terpenes and other essential plant oils that create the phenomenon, the entourage effect.

At Peace River, we use the CO2 extraction method for the cleanest and purest CBD oil.

How Does CBD Oil Work?

Depending on the consumption or usage of CBD oil (sublingual, topical, etc), it is absorbed by the body into the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

In recent years, scientists have discovered that the endocannabinoid system is in charge of a great many cell receptors and neurotransmitters, including the two cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2 (though cannabidiol has low correspondence with these two receptors). These receptors and neurotransmitters are in charge of maintaining homeostasis. Neurotransmitters, specifically, are in charge of transmitting chemicals throughout the body.

The human endocannabinoid system (ECS) broken down

Research has found that the ECS is also linked to regulating biological functions such as:

  • Mood
  • Sleep
  • Appetite
  • Reproduction
  • Fertility
  • Memory
  • Metabolism
  • Stress
  • Immune system responses (such as inflammation)
  • Pain

It is the thought of some researchers that the endocannabinoid system is, itself, in charge of maintaining our body’s homeostasis.

The role of CBD in all of this is suggested to enhance the endocannabinoid system by enacting and prolonging homeostasis. By stimulating the ESC, it is thought that CBD triggers the serotonin, vanilloid, PPARS, and GPR55 receptors. These receptors are in charge of regulating the biological functions aforementioned and much more.

What Are the Health Benefits of CBD?

Unfortunately, we are unable to make any medical claims as to the usage of cannabidiol and CBD products. However, many reviews from customers online suggest certain qualities of using CBD.

CBD has been used for animals such as dogs as well, with a wide range of studies performed on the effectiveness of cannabidiol. Since all mammals have an endocannabinoid system, this research is extremely important for the validity of CBD’s effectiveness.

At this time, researchers are trying to find out more information about the effects of CBD and what it may do to and for the human body. If you wish to learn more about the possible benefits of using CBD, there are a great number of research studies online concerning the study of CBD.

How Should I Shop For CBD Oil?

Firstly, consider the source. When purchasing for CBD, you need to go with a reputable source. Check the reviews online, read up on the retailer, do all of the research you can before purchasing.

Ensure that you are purchasing CBD oil, not hempseed oil, there are significant differences. One of these differences is that hempseed oil is made directly from the seeds of the hemp plant, hence the name. Hemp Seed oil contains little to no traces of cannabidiol.

Whichever company you choose to purchase from, ensure that they have a Certificate of Analysis (COA) for each batch of product. This is crucial in the purchasing of CBD oil since it proves that the product meets regulated specifications. A COA is used for the quality control of the CBD product. If a company doesn’t have this for public viewing, then you should be skeptical if they are a legitimate seller of CBD products.

At Peace River, we ensure that all of our products have a Certificate of Analysis. Whenever a new batch of CBD oil is made, our COA is updated on all of the products we are selling. We even have a collection of COAs that you can access by scanning your product’s container QR code to quickly find your product’s exact COA.

If you feel that CBD is right for you, we sell several products with high levels of premium CBD for the purest CBD products and for the maximum retention of the plant’s terpenes and other essential oils. We use CO2 extraction methods for the purest CBD products. Peace River is the only company on the market that sells high-quality CBD oil for the lowest, cost-plus pricing and passes those savings along to you. Visit our store to find the CBD product that’s right for you.